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Table 5 Comparison of sub-scale scores across student groups

From: Informing the medical education reform in Tajikistan: evidence on the learning environment at two nursing colleges

  Dushanbe 2nd (n = 146) Dushanbe 4th (n = 151) t-test Kulob 2nd year Kulob 4th year (n = 151) t-test Male (n = 171) Female (n = 458) t-test Dushanbe (n = 297) Kulob (n = 332) t-test
Category Mean score (SD) Mean score (SD) p-value (95% CI) Mean score (SD) Mean score (SD) p-value (95% CI) Mean score (SD) Mean score (SD) p-value (95% CI) Mean score (SD) Mean score (SD) p-value (95% CI)
Perception of learning 32.4 (5.4) 30.1 (6.3) < 0.01 (−3.6, −0.99) 32.1 (5.4) 32.2 (5.8) 0.90 (−1.1, 1.3) 31.9 (5.76) 31.6 (5.8) 0.62 (−1.3, 0.8) 31.2 (5.0) 32.1 (5.6) 0.04 (−1.9, −0.1)
Perception of teacher 28.1 (4.9) 26.9 (6.0) 0.05 (−2.5, 0.02) 28.0 (4.7) 28.1 (6.2) 0.86 (−1.1, 1.3) 27.9 (5.1) 27.7 (5.6) 0.69 (−1.1, 0.7) 27.5 (5.5) 28.0 (5.4) 0.25 (− 1.4, 0.4)
Academic self-perception 23.5 (4.4) 21.7 (4.9) < 0.01 (−2.9, −0.8) 23.6 (4.9) 23.8 (4.6) 0.69 (−0.8, 1.2) 23.6 (4.9) 23.0 (4.7) 0.13 (−1.5, 0.2) 22.6 (4.7) 23.7 (4.8) < 0.01 (−1.8, −0.3)
Students’ perception of atmosphere 32.8 (6.2) 31.3 (6.3) 0.03 (−2.9, −0.12) 32.9 (5.8) 32.7 (6.7) 0.69 (−1.7, 1.1) 32.8 (6.6) 32.3 (6.2) 0.39 (−1.6, 0.6) 32.0 (6.3) 32.8 (6.3) 0.11 (−1.8, 0.2)
Students’ social self-perception 18.7 (3.1) 18.2 (3.4) 0.12 (−1.3, 0.2) 18.1 (3.4) 18.5 (3.7) 0.29 (−0.4, 1.2) 18.1 (3.6) 18.4 (3.3) 0.31 (−0.3, 0.9) 18.4 (3.3) 18.3 (3.5) 0.52 (−0.4, 0.7)