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Table 3 Effects of EBP education program for undergraduate nursing students

From: Effects of an evidence-based practice education program using multifaceted interventions: a quasi-experimental study with undergraduate nursing students

Variables Group Mean ± Standard Deviation Source F p value
Pretest Post-test 1 Post-test 2
Before the program Immediately after program 6 weeks after program
EBP Knowledge Experimental 3.26 ± 0.40 4.27 ± 0.51 4.16 ± 0.46 Group 22.35 < 0.001
Control 3.27 ± 0.46 3.34 ± 0.55 3.33 ± 0.67 Time 25.56 <.0001
     Group x Time 19.77 < 0.001
EBP skills Experimental   9.01 ± 1.52 7.66 ± 1.62    
Control   3.44 ± 1.45 3.65 ± 1.63    
t   12.45 8.02    
p value   <.001 <.001    
EBP attitudes Experimental 3.67 ± 0.36 4.33 ± 0.42 4.24 ± 0.42 Group 12.61 0.001
Control 3.79 ± 0.32 3.77 ± 0.34 3.72 ± 0.34 Time 18.95 < 0.001
     Group x Time 24.05 < 0.001
EBP competencies Experimental 3.06 ± 0.48 4.34 ± 0.37 4.18 ± 0.36 Group 39.12 < 0.001
Control 3.04 ± 0.61 3.04 ± 0.51 3.14 ± 0.55 Time 58.59 < 0.001
     Group x Time 51.47 < 0.001
Future use of EBP Experimental 3.83 ± 0.51 4.33 ± 0.44 4.38 ± 0.47 Group 4.86 0.033
Control 3.84 ± 0.55 4.01 ± 0.56 3.85 ± 0.46 Time 12.39 < 0.001
     Group x Time 7.30 0.001
Critical thinking Experimental 3.39 ± 0.35 3.72 ± 0.36 3.78 ± 0.37 Group 7.52 0.009
Control 3.35 ± 0.49 3.29 ± 0.42 3.30 ± 0.47 Time 9.24 < 0.001
     Group x Time 17.07 < 0.001