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Table 1 New Nurses’ Demographic and Work-related Information

From: Multimedia-assisted instruction on pain assessment learning of new nurses: a quasi-experimental study

Variable Control group (n = 39)
Mean ± SD
Experimental group (n = 47)
Mean ± SD
t/x2 P value
(2-tailed)
Age (years) 23.21 (2.26) 23.03 (2.06) .397 .692
Education level    .013 1.000
Junior college 7 8   
University 32 39   
Work attributes    7.127 .129
Internal medicine 9 11   
Surgery 15 7   
Gynecology/pediatrics 9 15   
Operating room 3 7   
Another unit 3 7   
Received in-service pain education course    3.162 .114
Yes 18 13   
No 21 34   
Pain treatment experience    .701 .623
Yes 38 44   
No 1 3   
  1. SD standard deviation