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Table 2 Means and standard deviations (SD) for CAS, CCB and total CCA score for each year level

From: Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand

Program Type Year level CAS (mean ± SD) CCB (mean ± SD) Total CCA (mean ± SD)
Undergraduate 1st year 5.68 ± 0.50a 4.80 ± 1.08bc 5.24 ± 0.67e
2nd year 5.82 ± 0.50a 4.57 ± 1.19d 5.25 ± 0.70f
3rd year 5.81 ± 0.44 4.39 ± 1.02c 5.09 ± 0.60
4th year 5.75 ± 0.47 4.23 ± 1.08bd 4.94 ± 0.60ef
GEM 1st year 5.68 ± 0.48 4.42 ± 1.04 5.03 ± 0.64
2nd year 5.59 ± 0.67 4.39 ± 0.80 4.96 ± 0.57
Masters extended 1st year 6.01 ± 0.51 5.14 ± 1.00 5.55 ± 0.70
2nd year 5.99 ± 0.45 4.72 ± 0.98 5.29 ± 0.62
  1. CAS, Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity; CCB, Cultural Competent Behaviours, CCA, Cultural Competence Assessment; GEM, graduate entry masters; SD, standard deviations; aCAS scores 1st year vs 2nd year – p < 0.05; bCCB scores 1st year vs 4th year – p < 0.05; cCCB scores 1st year vs 3rd year – p < 0.05; dCCB scores 2nd year vs 4th year – p < 0.05; eCCA scores 1st year vs 4th year; fCCA scores 2nd year vs 4th year