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Table 1 Descriptive statistics and values of Cronbach’s alpha for scale scores (n = 447)

From: The role of empathy and psychological need satisfaction in pharmacy students’ burnout and well-being

Construct Measure Number of Items Mean SD Skew Kurtosis Coefficient α
Empathy Perspective taking 9 49.19a 5.97 −.130 .027 0.84
Compassionate care 4 23.27a 2.91 −.497 .438 0.71
Psychological need satisfaction Autonomy 3 4.52 1.01 −.004 −.537 0.65
Competence 3 4.38 1.02 −.079 −.121 0.71
Relatedness 3 4.92 0.95 −.653 .962 0.73
Burnout Behavioral exhaustion 5 4.60 1.12 −.690 .186 0.81
  Cynicism 4 3.69 1.26 .023 −.543 0.81
Psychological well-being Positive affect 4 5.10 1.10 −.432 .071 0.94
Negative affect 5 2.88 1.08 .540 .190 0.81
Self-esteem 10 5.39 0.78 −.417 −.224 0.88
Life satisfaction 5 4.80 1.01 −.090 −.262 0.81
  1. aSum of item scores