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Table 1 Socio-demographics and job-related characteristics – total sample and comparison between physicians with and without interest in being involved in teaching undergraduates*

From: Willingness, concerns, incentives and acceptable remuneration regarding an involvement in teaching undergraduates - a cross-sectional questionnaire survey among German GPs

Variable All
% (n/nvalid) **
No teaching interest
% (n/nvalid) **
Interested in teaching
% (n/nvalid) **
p
Female sex 58.4 (198/339) 57.0 (77/135) 59.1 (120/203) 0.705
Age in years (mean ± SD) 52.0 ± 10.3, Median: 52.0 56.2 ± 10.2, Median: 57.0 49.0 ± 9.2, Median: 49.0 <  0.001
In a relationship 92.3 (310/336) 93.2 (124/133) 92.1 (186/202) 0.694
Has children 93.7 (312/333) 93.8 (122/130) 93.6 (189/202) 0.918
Has children in the household currently 54.0 (176/326) 41.1 (53/129) 62.8 (123/196) <  0.001
Studied in Leipzig (wholly or at least partially) 82.0 (273/333) 84.7 (111/131) 80.5 (162/201) 0.335
Has a doctor’s degree or habilitation*** 67.3 (228/339) 66.7 (90/135) 67.5 (137/203) 0.875
Specialist for general practice 71.4 (242/339) 71.8 (97/135) 71.4 (145/203) 0.408
Years since (first) medical specialist exam (whichever) (mean ± SD) 19.2 ± 11.9 Median: 17.0 24.1 ± 12.2, Median: 25.0 15.9 ± 10.3, Median: 14.0 <  0.001
Job satisfaction (scale from 1 = “not satisfied at allto 5 = “very satisfied”) (mean ± SD) 4.2 ± 0.7, Median: 4.0 4.2 ± 0.8, Median: 4.0 4.3 ± 0.7, Median: 4.0 0.299
Member of the German Society of General Practice and Family Medicine (DEGAM) 8.6 (29/338) 3.0 (4/134) 12.3 (25/203) 0.003
Member of the Saxon Society of General Practice and Family Medicine (SGAM) 13.9 (47/338) 6.7 (9/134) 18.7 (38/203) 0.002
Member of the Association of General Practitioners (Hausärzteverband) 29.6 (100/338) 26.1 (35/134) 32.0 (65/203) 0.246
Other memberships 26.6 (90/338) 19.4 (26/134) 31.5 (64/203) 0.014
No memberships 35.2 (119/338) 44.8 (60/134) 28.6 (58/203) 0.002
Has the permission to train residents 37.7 (125/332) 27.7 (36/130) 44.3 (89/201) 0.002
A resident is working in the practice 26.3 (86/327) 17.3 (22/127) 32.2 (64/199) 0.003
Self-perceived continuing education activities: rather or very high (vs. very low/rather low/average) 50.7 (170/335) 34.6 (46/133) 61.2 (123/201) <  0.001
Wish to intensify continuing education activities: rather yes/definitely yes (versus definitely not/rather not) 47.4 (158/333) 36.6 (48/131) 54.2 (109/201) 0.002
Years until retirement (probably) (mean ± SD) 14.5 ± 8.9, Median: 13.0 10.8 ± 8.1, Median: 9.0 16.8 ± 8.7, Median: 17.0 <  0.001
Working in an own practice (versus employed) 79.2 (267/337) 79.3 (107/135) 79.6 (160/201) 0.939
Years having an own practice (mean ± SD) (refers to those 267 participants with own practices) 15.8 ± 9.1, Median: 15.0 19.1 ± 8.7, Median: 24.0 13.6 ± 8.8, Median: 12.0 <  0.001
Legal structure of the practice:
 Single practice 66.1 (224/339) 71.9 (97/135) 62.6 (127/203) 0.060
 Joint practice 24.5 (83/339) 17.8 (24/135) 29.1 (59/203)
 Medical care centre (“MVZ”, including practices of different specialities) 9.4 (32/339) 10.3 (14/135) 8.4 (17/203)
Practice environment: big city (versus small town/rural area) 48.9 (160/327) 42.7 (56/131) 53.3 (104/195) 0.061
Average effective work time per week (mean ± SD) 46.2 ± 11.3, Median: 46.0 44.8 ± 11.1, Median: 45.0 47.3 ± 11.2, Median: 48.0 0.177
Subjective workload (scale from 1 =very lowto 5 = “very high”) (mean ± SD) 3.7 ± 0.7 3.6 ± 0.7 3.7 ± 0.8 0.447
Already has experiences with any kind of teaching activity 46.5 (155/333) 19.4 (26/134) 64.4 (128/198) <  0.001
  1. *nvalid All = nvalid no teaching interest + nvalid teaching interest + 1 (due to one missing value for the variable teaching interest) ** unless otherwise indicated *** German physicians cannot automatically be addressed as ‘doctor’ after graduation. Thus, it is quite common to engage in scientific activities and to submit and defend a thesis to pursue the academic title ‘Dr. med.’ (≠ PhD). The ‘habilitation’ as the highest postdoctoral degree and prerequisite to apply for a professorial chair is infrequent