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Table 3 Total time of PBLS sequence (part of ‘adherence to temporal demands’ domain)

From: Animation and interactivity facilitate acquisition of pediatric life support skills: a randomized controlled trial using virtual patients versus video instruction

  Video group (Vid)
N = 37
Animated VP group (VPanim)
N = 35
Static VP group (VPstat)
N = 31
VPanim vs. Vid VPstat vs. Vid VPanim vs. VPstat
  mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD    
Total time of PBLS sequence (seconds) 84.6 ± 10.4 98.8 ± 16.8 120.9 ± 28.6 p = 0.0081 p < 0.0011 p < 0.0011
d = 1.02 d = 1.69 d = − 0.94
  1. 1Post hoc test, Results as mean total time and standard deviation (SD) for a PBLS sequence, in seconds. Benchmark was determined as 80 s. Statistically significant results between two respective groups are indicated in bold