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Table 4 Positive perception rates of various SAQ domains across students' characteristics

From: Female dental students’ perceptions of patient safety culture: a cross sectional study at a middle eastern setting

  N(%) Clinical training Type of college Specialty
  221(100) 1–2 3–4 Private Public Dentistry Hygienist
Team work climate
 Positive
 Negative
108(48.9)
113(51.1)
33(35.9)
59(64.1)
75(58.1)
54(41.9)
26(46.4)
30(53.6)
82(49.7)
83(50.3)
80(60.2)
53(39.8)
28(31.8)
60(68.2)
  Χ2 = 0.113, P = 0.737 Χ2 = 10.66, P = 0.001* Χ2 = 0.179, P = 0.672 Χ2 = 17.013, P < 0.001*
Safety climate
 Positive
 Negative
90(40.7)
131(59.3)
35(38.0)
57(62.0)
55(42.6)
74(57.4)
28(50.0)
28(50.0)
62(37.6)
103(62.4)
68(51.1)
65(48.9)
22(25.0)
66(75.0)
  Χ2 = 7.606,P = 0.006* Χ2 = 0.469, P = 0.493 Χ2 = 2.674, P = 0.102 Χ2 = 14.977, P < 0.001*
Job satisfaction
 Positive
 Negative
145(65.6)
76(34.4)
58(63.0)
34(37.0)
87(67.4)
42(32.6)
107(64.8)
58(35.2)
38(67.9)
18(32.1)
105(78.9)
28(21.1)
40(45.5)
48(54.5)
  Χ2 = 21.543,P < 0.001* Χ2 = 0.460, P = 0.497 Χ2 = 0.168, P = 0.682 Χ2 = 26.33, P < 0.001*
Stress recognition
 Positive
 Negative
110(49.8)
111(50.2)
50(54.3)
42(45.7)
60(46.5)
69(53.5)
34(60.7)
22(39.3)
76(46.1)
89(53.9)
84(63.2)
49(36.8)
26(29.5)
62(70.5)
  Χ2 = 0.005,P = 0.946 Χ2 = 1.319, P = 0.251 Χ2 = 3.591, P = 0.058 Χ2 = 23.934, P < 0.001*
Perceived management support
 Positive
 Negative
99(44.8)
122(55.2)
41(44.6)
51(55.4)
58(45.0)
71(55.0)
29(51.8)
27(48.2)
70(42.4)
95(57.6)
74(55.6)
59(44.4)
25(28.4)
63(71.6)
  Χ2 = 2.394,P = 0.122 Χ2 = 0.003, P = 0.953 Χ2 = 1.48, P = 0.224 Χ2 = 15.878, P < 0.001*
Working conditions
 Positive
 Negative
126(57.0)
95(43.0)
52(56.5)
40(43.5)
74(57.4)
55(42.6)
35(62.5)
21(37.5)
91(55.2)
74(44.8)
88(66.2)
45(33.8)
38(43.2)
50(56.8)
  Χ2 = 4.348,P = 0.037* Χ2 = 0.016, P = 0.901 Χ2 = 0.921, P = 0.337 Χ2 = 11.415, P = 0.001*
  1. n frequency, % percentage, χ2 Pearson Chi-square, P P-value, * significant at P < 0.04