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Table 1 Frequency and percentage distributions and descriptive statistics of scores on the JSE-S by gender

From: Empathy in Chinese eight-year medical program students: differences by school year, educational stage, and future career preference

Score interval Male (n = 201) Female (n = 241) Total(n = 442)
frequency cumulative frequency percentile ranks frequency cumulative frequency percentile ranks frequency cumulative frequency percentile ranks
≤80 12 12 6% 11 11 5% 23 23 5%
81–85 12 24 7–12% 5 16 5–7% 17 40 6–9%
86–90 9 33 13–16% 5 21 8–9% 14 54 10–12%
91–95 15 48 17–24% 19 40 10–17% 34 88 13–20%
96–100 29 77 24–38% 33 73 20–30% 62 150 20–34%
101–105 37 114 43–57% 46 119 32–49% 83 233 37–53%
106–110 33 147 62–73% 44 163 52–67% 78 311 53–70%
111–115 17 164 74–82% 31 194 72–81% 48 359 73–81%
116–120 20 184 83–92% 16 210 81–87% 35 394 82–89%
121–125 10 194 93–97% 20 230 88–95% 30 424 91–96%
126–130 6 200 97–100% 6 236 96–98% 12 436 97–99%
> 130 1 201 100% 5 241 98–100% 6 442 99–100%
Mean score (SD)a 102.8 (13.5) 105.3 (13.7) 104.2 (13.6)
Median score 103.2 105.6 104.8
Possible range 20–140 20–140 20–140
Actual range 38–134 34–136 34–136
  1. a The mean empathy scores were compared between male and female students by t-test and the p-value is 0.058, which is not significant at the 0.05 level