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Table 2 Means, SDs, and ANCOVA for Overall, Higher-order, and Lower-order Performances on Posttest

From: Pure PBL, Hybrid PBL and Lecturing: which one is more effective in developing cognitive skills of undergraduate students in pediatric nursing course?

Measures Groups n Mean SD F df p η2
Overall Performance PPBL 30 56.10 9.56     
HPBL 30 56.70 9.44 14.32 2.91 .001 0.24
COTL 35 49.04 8.91     
Higher-order Performance PPBL 30 39.60 7.97     
HPBL 30 40.04 7.20 17.23 2.91 .001 0.28
COTL 35 32.56 7.36     
Lower-order Performance PPBL 30 16.50 2.27     
HPBL 30 16.67 2.99 .078 2.91 .925 0.002
COTL 35 16.49 2.27