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Table 1 Descriptive data at baseline and 6-month follow-up (N = 138)

From: Factors associated with motivation in medical education: a path analysis

Variables N (%)
Sex
 Female 84 (60)
 Male 76 (40)
Age (years): Mean (SD) 18.86 (0.74)
Family income (USD/Year)
 <14 k 22.6
 14 k–21 k 27.8
 21.1 k–28 k 12.8
 28.1 k- 35 k 15
 >35.1 k 21.8
Father’s years of education: Mean (SD) 14.13 (6.4)
Mother’s years of education: Mean (SD) 12.93 (6.2)
Decision to study medicine (N = 137)  
 Oneself 112 (81.9)
 Others (parents, peers, teachers) 25 (18.1)
Medicine is a personal choice (N = 136)  
 Yes 88 (64.2)
 No 48 (35.8)
Parental agreement (N = 138)  
 Yes 123 (88.5)
 No 15 (11.5)
Clinical characteristics: Mean (SD)
Motivation
Total score 137.86 (20.3)
Intrinsic motivation 55.96 (9.0)
 Obtaining knowledge 20.45 (3.36)
 Accomplishment 18.34 (4.55)
 Stimulation 17.15 (3.70)
Extrinsic motivation 60.47 (11.6)
 Identified regulation 21.20 (3.64)
 External regulation 20.67 (4.29)
 Introjected regulation 19.03 (7.0)
Amotivation 10.56 (5.3)
Outcome Inventory
 Total score 40.77 (10.7)
 Anxiety 14.17 (4.2)
 Depression 7.63 (2.7)
 Interpersonal problems 8.16 (3.1)
 Somatization 10.82 (3.5)
MSPSS
 Total score 66.31 (10.6)
 Significant others 19.38 (6.1)
 Family 24.78 (3.4)
 Friends 21.18 (4.2)
Positive personality trait (strength)
Total score 38.68 (7.5)
Truthfulness 3.31 (1.3)
Perseverance 3.60 (1.2)
Wisdom 3.29 (0.8)
Generosity 4.06 (1.4)
Morality/Virtue/Precept 3.91 (1.7)
Meditation, mindfulness 2.34 (1.1)
Patience 4.47 (1.4)
Equanimity 4.46 (1.1)
Determination 4.55 (1.8)
Loving-kindness 3.88 (1.5)
aGPA in high school: Mean (SD), min -max 3.91 (0.1), 3.25–4.00
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aGrade Point Average in high school