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Table 3 Descriptive data and analyses for six EBP domains for matched groups from baseline to ‘graduation’

From: Changes in physiotherapy students’ knowledge and perceptions of EBP from first year to graduation: a mixed methods study

Domain Baseline mean (SD) [95% CI] Graduation mean (SD) [95% CI] Baseline→ Graduation Mean increase (95% CI) Baseline→ Graduation Raw p values Effect size (ES)
Relevance (n = 55) 51.1 (7.0) 64.7 (4.5) 13.6 (11.7–15.5) p ≤ 0.001 ES 2.29↑
Terminology n = 53) 36.8 (11.1) 68.2 (8.6) 31.3 (27.7–35.0) p ≤ 0.001 ES 3.13↑
Confidence (n = 55) 33.7 (7.6) 44.9 (5.8) 11.3 (9.1–13.4) p ≤ 0.001 ES 1.67↑
Practice (n = 51) 17.5 (5.2) 27.2 (5.5) (26.9) (5.4)) 9.7 (7.7–11.6) p ≤ 0.001 ES 1.8↑
Sympathy(n = 55) 21.6 (2.7) 23.5 (4.5) 1.8 (0.5–3.2) p = 0.008 ES 0.49↑
Knowledge (actual) (n = 50) 2.6 (1.3) 8.8 (1.6) 6.2 (5.6–6.8) p ≤ 0.001 ES 4.3↑
  1. CI Confidence interval, EBP Evidence-based practice