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Table 2 Policy cognition and policy choice motivation of RTMSs (N = 230)

From: Attitude towards working in rural areas: a cross-sectional survey of rural-oriented tuition-waived medical students in Shaanxi, China

Variable N (%) Intention of breaking contract P-value Intention of remaining after contract expires P-value
Yes No Yes No Unsure
Understanding the conditions of policy before enrolling
 Very or relatively well 4 (1.7) 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0) 0.002 0 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0) 0.097
 Generally understand 52 (22.6) 43 (82.7) 9 (17.3) 2 (3.8) 31 (59.6) 19 (36.5)
 Don’t understand 174 (75.7) 167 (96.0) 7 (4.0) 1 (0.6) 121 (69.5) 52 (29.9)
Policy choice motivation
 Economic reasons 129 (56.1) 120 (93.0) 9 (7.0) 0.661 1 (0.8) 91 (70.5) 37 (28.7) 0.126
 Guaranteed employment 86 (37.4) 80 (93.0) 6 (7.0) 2 (2.3) 56 (65.1) 28 (32.6)
 Personal ambition 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Other 15 (6.5) 13 (86.7) 2 (13.3) 0 6 (40.0) 9 (60.0)
Final arbiter of policy choice
 Myself 64 (27.8) 61 (95.3) 3 (4.7) 0.503 0 32 (50.0) 32 (50.0) 0.008
 Patents 162 (70.4) 148 (91.4) 14 (8.6) 3 (1.9) 118 (72.8) 41 (25.3)
 Teacher 4 (1.7) 4 (100) 0 0 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0)
Cognition of policy’s effectiveness
 Yes 17 (7.4) 13 (76.5) 4 (23.5) 0.003 0 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1) 0.180
 No 98 (42.6) 88 (89.8) 10 (10.2) 3 (3.1) 63 (64.3) 32 (32.7)
 Unsure 115 (50.0) 112 (97.4) 3 (2.6) 0 81 (70.4) 34 (29.6)
Cognition of value of rural medical work
 Very or relatively 105 (45.7) 92 (87.6) 13 (12.4) 0.021 3 (2.9) 62 (59.0) 40 (38.1) 0.069
 Generally valuable 91 (39.6) 87 (95.6) 4 (4.4) 0 69 (75.8) 22 (24.2)
 No value 34 (14.8) 34 (100.0) 0 0 22 (64.7) 12 (35.3)
Total 230 213 (92.6) 17 (7.4)   3 (1.3) 153 (66.5) 74 (32.2)