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Table 1 Assessment measure results and significance levels

From: Effects of summer internship and follow-up distance mentoring programs on middle and high school student perceptions and interest in health careers

  At Enrollment At Post Internship At Post Distance Mentorship
Measures School Level N a Mean Scores & Standard Deviations p values MW/Wilcoxon N a Mean Scores & Standard Deviations p values MWd/Wilcoxon N a Scale Range Mean Scores & Standard Deviations p values MWd/Wilcoxon
Kuder Assessment – Health Middle 25 2.6 ± 0.0.57 .09 22 2.64 ± 0.58 .54 19 1–3 2.63 ± 0.59 .66
High 28 2.86 ± 0.35 19 2.74 ± 0.56 10   2.70 ± 0.67
Average   2.74 ± 0.48   2.6 ± 0.56 .77    2.66 ± 0.61 19.99
Kuder Assessment – Science, Technology, Engineering, Math Middle 25 2.20 ± 0.70 .58 24 2.23 ± 0.68 .99 17 1–3 2.05 ± 0.70 .75
High 25 2.32 ± 0.61 25 2.26 ± 0.56 10   2.20 ± 0.42
Average   2.26 ± 0.65   2.2 ± 0.6 .99    2.1 ± 0.6 23.27
Health Science Knowledge/Interest Inventory Education level Middle 25 5.48 ± 0.56 .74 24 5.7 ± 0.44 .50 17 1–7 5.8 ± 0.5 0.04c
High 25 5.52 ± 0.47 25 5.53 ± 0.49 10   5.5 ± 0.3
Average   5.50 ± 0.51   5.61 ± 0.47b .0.012b    5.72 ± 0.46b 0.007b, .074
Essay Middle 25 8.36 ± 3.8 .54 18 10.22 ± 2.13 18 1–7 15.7 ± 0.5 .78
High 28 7.43 ± 1.7 15 15.2 ± 2.8b .0008b 15   15.6 ± 2.4
Average   7.8 ± 2.9   12.4 ± 3.5c .0001b    15.7 ± 1.8c 0.001b, .001
  1. a Number of students, bPost internship and post mentoring means significantly higher than pre-internship, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Exact Test, cPost mentoring mean significantly higher for middle school than high school students, Mann Whitney Exact Test. dPost internship mean significantly higher for high school than middle school students, Mann Whitney Exact Test