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Table 4 Odds ratio (OR) using multinomial logistic regression of change in inclination towards biomedical career

From: Inclination towards research and the pursuit of a research career among medical students: an international cohort study

Factors Increase inclination towards research Decrease inclination towards research
Bivariate (OR) Multivariatea (OR) Bivariate (OR) Multivariatea (OR)
Had an experience during medical school that put off respondent from research by final year 0.52 (0.25–1.11)   1.43 (0.82–2.46)  
Read biomedical journals at least once every 6 months during medical school by final year 1.77 (0.99–3.17)   0.66 (0.40–1.08)
Presence of role model during medical school by final year 1.71 (0.92–3.16)   0.73 (0.39–1.35)
Increased desire to learn more about biostatistics 2.02 (1.18–3.46)* 2.58 (1.38–4.84)* 0.86 (0.54–1.36) 0.87 (0.50–1.51)
Increased knowledge of ease of manipulation of statistics 1.69 (1.01–2.83)*   0.86 (0.55–1.35)  
Increased confidence in analyzing the data to find association between two variables 1.18 (0.75–1.86) 1.10 (0.66–1.83) 0.47 (0.31–0.70)* 0.49 (0.31–0.78)*
Increased confidence in analyzing the data to find correlation between two variables 1.57 (0.99–2.48)   0.61 (0.41–0.90)*  
Increased confidence in evaluating diagnostic tests 1.57 (0.96–2.57)   0.76 (0.51–1.12)
Increased understanding of research ethics terms in journal articles. 0.96 (0.61–1.51)   0.62 (0.42–0.92)*
Increased confidence in applying for an approval from an Institutional Review Board/ethics committee 1.37 (0.84–2.25)   0.74 (0.49–1.12)
Increased understanding of study design terms in journal articles. 1.04 (0.63–1.70)   0.60 (0.39–0.92)*
  1. aadjusted for gender, age and institution
  2. *statistically significant OR