Skip to main content

Table 2 Medical students’ perceptions and intentions regarding patient safety

From: Undergraduate medical students’ perceptions and intentions regarding patient safety during clinical clerkship

  Score (1–5) 1 (Strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) % positive responses
Domain   Item Mean SD Median IQR n %
Safety culture 1 I received appropriate feedback about my performance 3.0 1.0 3 2 64 33.0
2 We followed standard operating procedures, guidelines, and protocols for the floor (e.g. checklists to prevent central blood stream infections, hand washing) 4.0 0.9 4 2 143 73.7
3 I observed excellent patient safety practices 3.8 0.9 4 1 132 68.0
4 Medical errors were handled appropriately 3.7 0.9 4 1 116 59.8
5 I was encouraged by colleagues to report any patient safety concerns I may have had 3.7 1.1 4 2 110 56.7
6 The clinical culture made it easy to learn from the errors of others 3.1 1.1 3 2 67 34.5
7 I would have felt safe being treated here as a patient 3.4 1.0 3 1 96 49.5
8 I knew the proper channels to direct questions regarding patient safety 3.2 1.2 3 2 87 44.8
9 We followed standard operating procedures, guidelines, and protocols for the OR (e.g. preoperative briefings, adherence to sterile technique for surgery and procedures) 4.5 0.7 5 1 173 89.2
Teamwork culture 1 The quality of care received by patients was impacted by teamwork 4.0 0.9 4 1 152 78.4
2 I had good collaboration with nurses 3.7 0.9 4 1 124 63.9
3 I had good collaboration with team members (students, residents, attending, nurses, and other caregivers) 3.8 0.8 4 1 127 65.5
4 Disagreements were resolved appropriately (i.e. by emphasising not who is right but what is best for the patient) 3.7 0.9 4 1 125 64.4
5 It was easy for personnel to ask questions when there was something that they did not understand 3.2 1.1 3 2 78 40.2
Error disclosure culture 1 When errors were made, they were disclosed to patients/families 2.8 1.0 3 1 48 24.7
2 The culture during my rotations made it easy to disclose medical errors 2.5 1.0 2 1 26 13.4
3 I was encouraged by my colleagues to disclose errors to patients/families 2.4 1.0 2 1 20 10.3
4 I received education or training on how to disclose medical errors to patients 2.4 1.1 2 2 35 18.0
5 Medical error disclosure to patients and families was an important component of patient safety 4.0 0.9 4 2 143 73.7
Safety behavioural intent 1 I expect to participate in quality improvement initiatives 3.8 0.8 4 1 118 60.8
2 I intend to encourage my colleagues to tell patients and their families about medical errors that impacted their care 3.5 0.9 4 1 98 50.5
3 I intend to encourage my colleagues to report any patient safety issues they encounter 3.8 0.8 4 1 128 66.0
4 I intend to report any patient safety issues I encounter 3.6 0.9 4 1 109 56.2
5 If I saw a medical error committed by one of my team members, I would keep it to myselfa 2.7 0.9 4 1 80 41.2
Overall patient safety grade   Overall, based on your clinical rotation, do you think your hospital is safe?b 7.4 1.9 8 3 120 61.9
  1. aReverse-coding: 5 (strongly disagree) to 1 (strongly agree), positive responses mean “disagree” and “strongly disagree”
  2. bFull marks: 1 (strongly disagree) to 10 (strongly agree)