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Table 3 Factors associated with the belief that competencies should be developed later or sooner

From: Clinical communication skills and professionalism education are required from the beginning of medical training - a point of view of family physicians

   Clinical communication skills   Interpersonal communication   Leadership   Professionalism  
  N (%) Median (P25-P75) *p Median (P25-P75) *p Median (P25-P75) *p Median (P25-P75) *p
Total 74 (100) 21.43 (8.33–40.00)   50.00 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (31.25–100.00)   12.50 (0.00–21.43)  
Gender          
Female 38 (51.4) 18.33 (7.44–33.33) 0.267 50.00 (25.00–50.00) 0.647 50.00 (25.00–100.00) 0.475 10.00 (0.00–21.43) 0.617
Male 36 (48.6) 23.21 (8.33–41.67)   50.00 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (50.00–100.00)   14.29 (0.00–22.32)  
Academic degree
Graduate 35 (47.3) 20.00 (0.00–38.75) 0.378 50.00 (25.00–50.00) 0.482 50.00 (31.25–100.00) 0.942 10.00 (0.00–20.71) 0.341
Postgraduate 39 (52.7) 21.43 (10.56–40.00)   50.00 (27.08–50.00)   50.00 (43.75–100.00)   12.50 (6.70–23.21)  
Has family medicine residency      
Yes 54 (73) 23.21 (10.28–40.00) 0.029 50.00 (25.00–50.00) 0.969 50.00 (50.00–100.00) 0.297 12.50 (0.00–21.43) 0.729
No 20 (27) 7.74 (0.00–28.47)   43.75 (25.22–53.12)   50.00 (25.00–100.00)   10.00 (0.00–23.02)  
Developed communication competence during undergraduate period?  
Yes 9 (12.2) 0.00 (0.00–41.67) 0.001 12.50 (0.00–37.50) 0.009 0.00 (0.00–37.50) 0.021 0.00 (0.00–12.50) 0.112
No 65 (87.8) 21.43 (0.00–8.33)   50.00 (33.33–50.00)   50.00 (50.00–100.00)   12.50 (0.00–25.00)  
Developed communication competence during family medicine residency?    
Yes 40 (54.1) 25.00 (10.28–40.00) 0.589 42.59 (25.00–50.00) 0.489 50.00 (37.50–100.00) 0.814 11.25 (0.00–22.32) 0.834
No 34 (45.9) 20.00 (8.04–35.00)   46.31 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (37.50–100.00)   12.50 (0.00–21.43)  
Developed communication competence post-residency?  
Yes 30 (40.5) 29.29 (12.50–41.67) 0.102 50.00 (40.62–50.00) 0.038 50.00 (50.00–100.00) 0.398 13.39 (8.33–24.11) 0.405
No 44 (59.5) 20.00 (0.00–33.33)   33.33 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (25.00–100.00)   10.00 (0.00–21.43)  
Developed professionalism during undergraduate period?      
Yes 29 (39.2) 10.00 (0.00–21.43 0.002 33.33 (18.12–50.00) 0.007 50.00 (25.00–100.00) 0.723 8.33 (0.00–14.29) 0.009
No 45 (60.8) 30.00 (14.29–41.67)   50.00 (33.33–56.25)   50.00 (50.00–100.00)   14.29 (6.25–28.57)  
Developed professionalism during family medicine residency?    
Yes 40 (54.1) 18.33 (8.33–34.72) 0.442 50.00 (25.00–50.00) 0.830 50.00 (25.00–100.00) 0.448 12.50 (0.00–21.43) 0.838
No 34 (45.9) 21.43 (7.44–41.25)   50.00 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (50.00–100.00)   10.00 (0.00–24.11)  
Developed professionalism post-residency?  
Yes 25 (33.8) 35.71 (16.67–50.00) 0.011 50.00 (37.50–75.00) 0.016 50.00 (50.00–100.00) 0.443 14.29 (0.00–33.33) 0.087
No 49 (66.2) 16.67 (0.00–30.00)   37.50 (25.00–50.00)   50.00 (25.00–100.00)   10.00 (0.00–21.43)  
  1. p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant