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Table 2 Changes of PPOS and PCMI scores between T1 and T2 by gender (N = 95)

From: Changes in patient-centered attitude and confidence in communicating with patients: a longitudinal study of resident physicians

  1. PPOS patient–practitioner orientation scale, PCMI physician confidence in the medical interview
  2. 1) Paired t-test between T1 and T2
  3. 2) Analysis of covariance of the score change (T2-T1) by gender controlling for T1 score