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Table 1 Participant characteristics and descriptive statistics of PPOS and PCMI scores

From: Changes in patient-centered attitude and confidence in communicating with patients: a longitudinal study of resident physicians

   T1 participants (N = 204) T2 participants (N = 95) T2 non-participants (N = 109)  
   N % N % N % p-value a)
Gender Male 112 54.9 56 59.0 56 51.4 0.278
Female 92 45.1 39 41.1 53 48.6
Specialty orientation Internal 78 38.2 44 46.3 34 31.2 0.078
Surgical 50 24.5 19 20.0 31 28.4
Other 38 18.6 19 20.0 19 17.4
undecided/missing 38 18.6 13 13.7 25 22.9
   Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 26.24 3.26 25.82 2.73 26.61 3.63 0.087
PPOS   4.56 0.43 4.50 0.48 4.61 0.38 0.079
  Share   4.33 0.54 4.26 0.61 4.39 0.46 0.093
  Care   4.79 0.47 4.74 0.49 4.83 0.45 0.201
PCMI   2.50 0.53 2.43 0.56 2.55 0.50 0.102
  1. PPOS patient–practitioner orientation scale, PCMI physician confidence in the medical interview
  2. aDifferences between T2 participants and non-participants were examined by chi-square test or t-test