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Table 1 Sociodemographic data of the participants

From: Is perfect good? – Dimensions of perfectionism in newly admitted medical students

  High school degree HAM-Nat HAM-Int Waiting period Others
(N = 50) (N = 98) (N = 66) (N = 51) (N = 33)
Age (years) 19.10 ± 1.40 19.40 ± 1.60 19.80 ± 1.90 28.10 ± 3.70a 22.60 ± 4.10b
Sex (F/M) 30/20 47/50 56/10 35/16 11/21
GPA 1.00 ± 0.00c 1.39 ± 0.19d 1.35 ± 0.19e 2.33 ± 0.39 1.79 ± 0.55f
BFI-10
  Extraversion 3.50 ± 1.04 3.42 ± 0.99 3.65 ± 0.94 3.48 ± 1.01 3.48 ± 1.02
  Agreeableness 3.19 ± 0.78 3.60 ± 0.76g,h 3.40 ± 0.82 3.34 ± 0.73 3.14 ± 0.73
  Conscientious. 4.05 ± 0.80i,j 3.60 ± 0.76 3.77 ± 0.75 3.58 ± 0.79 3.67 ± 0.79
  Neuroticism 2.94 ± 0.99 3.01 ± 0.83 3.05 ± 0.9 2.91 ± 0.92 2.70 ± 0.98
  Openness 3.41 ± 0.75 3.34 ± 0.75 3.30 ± 0.76 3.39 ± 0.74 3.24 ± 0.67
GSE 30.22 ± 3.74 29.89 ± 3.42 28.77 ± 3.46 29.49 ± 4.58 29.54 ± 4.21
PHQ-9 4.35 ± 3.49 5.24 ± 4.02 4.20 ± 3.53 4.59 ± 2.97 5.67 ± 4.37
GAD-7 3.57 ± 3.73 4.02 ± 3.35 3.97 ± 3.41 3.47 ± 2.57 4.60 ± 2.99
  1. Notes: GPA grade point average, BFI-10 Big Five Inventory, GSE General self-efficacy scale, PHQ-9 patient health questionnaire 9, GAD-7 generalized anxiety disorder 7. For age, GPA, BFI-10), GSE, PHQ-9 and GAD-7 mean and SD are reported. For sex (F: female, M: male), the sample size (N) is reported. a = Waiting period vs. High school degree, HAM-Nat, HAM-Int and Others: p < .001; b = Others vs. High school degree, HAM-Nat and HAM-Int: p < .001; c = High school degree vs. HAM-Nat, HAM-Int, Waiting period and Others: p < .001; d = HAM-Nat vs. Waiting period and Others: p < .001; e = HAM-Int vs. waiting period and Others: p < .001; f = Others vs. Waiting period: p < .001; g = Ham-Nat vs. High school: p = .03; h = Ham-Nat vs. others: p = .04; i = High school degree vs. Ham-Nat: p = .04; j = High school degree vs. waiting period: p = .02