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Table 2 Perceived distress caused by acts of mistreatment

From: Gender differences and similarities in medical students’ experiences of mistreatment by various groups of perpetrators

  Mistreatment act perceived as distressing  
All % W % M % χ2(1); p
Mistreatment act
 Shouting or yelling 53.4 60.0 46.5 2.37; .124
 Threatening with harm 19.3 24.4 14.0 1.05; .305
 Humiliation 50.0 68.9 30.2 11.44; .001
 Negative or devaluing remarks about future profession 18.2 20.0 16.3 0.08; .777
 Discrimination on the basis of (ethnicity, religion or age) 22.7 28.9 16.3 1.52; .218
 Sexual discrimination and harassment 29.5 40.0 18.6 4.00; .046
 Hitting, shoving, kicking 17.0 20.0 14.0 0.43; .514
  1. N = 88 (45 female, 43 male) medical students. W Women, M Men