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Table 1 Areas and processes of self-regulated learning [6, 7]

From: The self-regulated learning of medical students in the clinical environment – a scoping review

Self-regulated learning processes Areas for Self-regulation
Cognition Motivation/affect Behaviour Context/environment
Goalsetting/forethought Setting a criterion to compare progress with Setting a criterion to compare progress with Setting a criterion to compare progress with Setting a criterion to compare with
Self-monitoring A mechanism used to keep track of their thoughts A mechanism used to keep track of their motivation A mechanism used to keep track of their behaviour A mechanism used to keep track of their environment
Feedback loop Cyclical processes to monitor the effectiveness of their thoughts Cyclical processes to monitor their motivational effectiveness Cyclical processes to monitor the effectiveness of their behaviour Cyclical processes to monitor the effectiveness of their environment
Control Selection and adaption of cognitive strategies Selection and adaption of strategies for managing motivation and affect Deciding behavioural strategies such as increasing or decreasing effort, persisting or giving up Selection and adaption of the best contexts for optimal learning