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Table 3 Changes in empathy scores: gender difference

From: Impact of a narrative medicine programme on healthcare providers’ empathy scores over time

  Pre-programme (T1)
(n = 110)
Post-programme (T2)
(n = 100)
1.5 years follow-up (T3)
(n = 90)
Total
(n = 330)
Female 111.4 ± 1.5 (n = 97) 117.9 ± 1.6* (n = 85) 116.6 ± 1.6* (n = 78) 115.1 ± 0.9# (n = 260)
Male 108.6 ± 5.0 (n = 13) 106.7 ± 5.3 (n = 15) 112.3 ± 5.9 (n = 12) 109.0 ± 3.1 (n = 40)
  1. Time 1 (T1): before, Time 2 (T2): immediately after, and Time 3 (T3): 1.5 years after programme
  2. * p < 0.05 when compared with T1, # p < 0.05 when compared with corresponding “males”