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Table 2 Characteristics of the pharmacists and knowledge contents by types of educational activities

From: Enhanced knowledge of spontaneous reporting with structured educational programs in Korean community pharmacists: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Personally accessed educational resource groupa (n = 283) Structured education groupb (n = 335) Combination groupc (n = 148) p value* Post hoc
Characteristics
Age, mean (SD) 44.4 (11.0) 45.0 (10.4) 48.1 (10.7) 0.012 c > a,b
Career in community pharmacy, mean (SD) 15.6 (10.6) 15.2 (10.4) 18.2 (10.4) 0.014 c > a,b
Male, n (%) 115 (40.8) 135 (40.8) 70 (47.6) 0.321  
Metropolitan area, n (%) 165 (58.5) 211 (63.0) 97 (65.5) 0.306  
SR Knowledge contents
Knowledge of RPVC-KPA, n (%) 202 (71.9) 272 (81.7) 122 (84.1) 0.002 b,c > a
Knowledge on related laws, n (%) 74 (26.3) 138 (41.3) 69 (46.6) <0.001 b,c > a
Knowledge on reportable items, n (%) 91 (32.2) 135 (40.5) 59 (39.9) 0.078  
  1. Abbreviations ADR Adverse drug reaction, SR spontaneous reporting, RPVC-KPA Regional Pharmacovigilance Center at the Korean Pharmaceutical Association
  2. aPersonally accessed educational resource group (n = 283)
  3. bStructured education group (n = 335)
  4. cCombination group (n = 148)
  5. *Analysis of variance test or chi-squared test among the three groups
  6. Bonferroni correction with student’s t-test or chi-squared test
  7. The number of pharmacists who reported their knowledge on each knowledge content area