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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants

From: Approaches to studying predict academic performance in undergraduate occupational therapy students: a cross-cultural study

Characteristics Country of study
Australia (n = 376) Hong Kong (n = 109) Norwaya (n = 160) Singaporeb (n = 67) Total sample (n = 712)
Age group (years) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
 15–19 125 (33.2) 31 (28.4) 6 (3.8) 39 (58.2) 201 (28.2)
 20–24 214 (56.9) 69 (63.3) 107 (66.9) 26 (38.8) 416 (58.4)
 25–29 16 (4.3) 8 (7.3) 29 (18.1) 1 (1.5) 54 (7.6)
 30–35 8 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 10 (6.3) 1 (1.5) 19 (2.7)
 36–39 8 (2.1) 1 (0.9) 4 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 13 (1.8)
 >40 5 (1.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 8 (1.1)
Gender
 Male 44 (11.7) 83 (76.1) 34 (21.3) 5 (7.5) 109 (15.3)
 Female 332 (88.3) 26 (23.9) 126 (78.8) 61 (91.0) 602 (84.6)
Prior education
 Yes 162 (43.1) 27 (24.8) 70 (43.8) 3 (4.5) 262 (36.8)
 No 214 (56.9) 82 (75.2) 90 (56.3) 64 (95.5) 450 (63.2)
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Self-study 13.5 (8.8) 11.8 (7.4) 9.6 (5.4) 17.4 (8.4) 12.7 (8.2)
GPA 3.7 (0.9) 4.5 (1.2) 4.1 (1.2) 4.2 (1.1) 4.0 (1.0)
  1. n = number of participants M Mean, SD Standard Deviation. Self-study is reported as the number of hours engaged in self-studying during a typical week. GPA is reported on a 1–6 scale, where 1 = fail and 6 = excellent
  2. aThe data from Norway included one missing value on the age variable
  3. b The data from Singapore included one missing value on the gender variable