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Table 7 Change of the self-perception between 2011 and 2014 (unpaired t-test) in male and female students

From: Communication skills of medical students during the OSCE: Gender-specific differences in a longitudinal trend study

Male students t1 = 2011 (n = 52) t2 = 2014 (n = 63) Difference 95%-CI p-value (α = 0.05)
Main SD Main SD  
Empathy 4.23 1.198 4.48 0.95 0.25 −0.65; 0.15 0.2146
Structure 4.33 1.14 4.51 0.997 0.18 −0.57; 0.21 0.3684
Verbal expression 4.58 1.18 4.53 0.94 −0.05 −0.34; 0.44 0.8008
Non-verbal Expression 4.04 1.10 4.29 1.12 0.25 −0.66; 0.16 0.2323
Female students t1 = 2011 (n = 110) t2 = 2014 (n = 90) Difference 95%-CI p-value (α = 0.05)
  Main SD Main SD  
Empathy 4.43 1.19 4.43 1.23 0.0 −0.34; 0.34 1.0
Structure 4.34 1.11 4.49 1.18 0.15 −0.47; 0.17 0.3565
Verbal expression 4.44 1.07 4.37 1.20 −0.07 −0.25; 0.39 0.6635
Non-verbal Expression 4.09 1.19 4.34 1.21 0.25 −0.59; 0.09 0.1440