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Table 10 Change of the external perception between cohorts examined in 2011 and 2014 (unpaired t-test) in male and female students

From: Communication skills of medical students during the OSCE: Gender-specific differences in a longitudinal trend study

Male students t1 = 2011 (n = 460) t2 = 2014 (n = 121) Difference 95%-CI p-value (α = 0.05)
  Main SD Main SD  
Empathy 4.196 0.79 4.05 0.94 −0.15 −0.019; 0.31 0.0832
Structure 4.12 0.92 3.98 1.01 −0.14 −0.05; 0.33 0.1452
Verbal expression 4.21 0.85 4.11 0.95 −0.10 −0.08; 0.28 0.2620
Non-verbal Expression 4.16 0.897 4.404 1.00 −0.24 −0.43; −0.06 0.0096
Female students t1 = 2011 (n = 1008) t2 = 2014 (n = 252) Difference 95%-CI p-value (α = 0.05)
  Main SD Main SD  
Empathy 4.22 0.71 4.13 0.897 −0.09 −0.014; 0.19 0.0891
Structure 4.00 0.84 4.09 0.87 0.09 −0.21; 0.03 0.1312
Verbal expression 4.17 0.81 4.25 0.89 0.08 −0.19; 0.03 0.1696
Non-verbal Expression 4.14 0.80 4.10 0.89 −0.04 −0.07; 0.15 0.4880