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Table 2 Difference pre- and post-intervention for EA and MA groups on Knowledge about aging, empathy, attitude and Palmore scale (facts on aging)*

From: Experiencing aging or demystifying myths? – impact of different “geriatrics and gerontology” teaching strategies in first year medical students

  Mean N Standard Deviation Standard Error r s
Experiencing aging
 UCLA Total Pre 51.88 78 4.67 0.53 0.36 0.001
 UCLA Total Post 50.51 78 5.19 0.58
 Knowledge Total Pre 4.70 82 1.49 0.16 0.07 0.511
 Knowledge Total Post 4.77 82 1.55 0.17  
 Palmore Positive Pre 58.11 76 6.17 0.70 0.66 <0.001
 Palmore Positive Post 52.72 76 6.40 0.73  
 Palmore Total Pre 11.61 82 2.74 0.30 0.23 0.033
 Palmore Total Post 10.94 82 2.28 0.25  
 Attitude Total Pre 15.53 51 2.93 0.41 0.37 0.007
 Attitude Total Post 16.78 51 2.83 0.39  
 Empathy Total Pre 5.33 51 1.62 0.22 0.46 0.001
 Empathy Total Post 4.63 51 1.31 0.18  
Myths of aging
 UCLA Total Pre 51.01 72 5.25 0.61 0.56 <0.001
 UCLA Total Post 53.67 72 4.16 0.49  
 Knowledge Total Pre 4.00 76 1.46 0.16 0.32 0.004
 Knowledge Total Post 4.38 76 1.53 0.17  
 Palmore Positive Pre 56.91 68 6.24 0.75 0.93 <0.001
 Palmore Positive Post 72.14 68 3.83 0.46  
 Palmore Total Pre 11.13 76 2.41 0.27 0.92 <0.001
 Palmore Total Post 17.58 76 1.96 0.22  
 Attitude Total Pre 16.17 75 3.65 0.42 0.47 <0.001
 Attitude Total Post 14.83 75 3.46 0.40  
 Empathy Total Pre 5.44 75 2.37 0.27 0.21 0.070
 Empathy Total Post 5.13 75 2.10 0.24  
  1. *We considered a p ≤ 0.0083 as significant (Bonferroni multiple comparison procedure)