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Table 5 Characteristics of the selection criteria of students interested in surgical specialties

From: Using medical specialty and selection criteria clusters to study specialty selection by Israeli medical students

  Surgical
Subspecialties Others ENT Others Cardiology Others
(n = 72;23%) (n = 245; 77%) (n = 71;22%) (n = 246; 78%) (n = 84;27%) (n = 233; 73%)
Interesting Specialty 96% 90%* 93% 90% 94% 90%
Direct Aid to Patients 83% 76% 76% 78% 75% 80%
Beside Specialty 63% 77%* 64% 76%* 80% 71%
Long-term Care 17% 48%‡ 28% 43%* 35% 42%
Direct Patient Care 42% 68%‡ 59% 63% 62% 62%
Family Time 62% 87%‡ 76% 82% 73% 83%
Controllable Lifestyle 65% 74% 76% 70% 62% 75%*
Time to Raise Children 54% 79%‡ 70% 73% 62% 76%*
Daytime Work Only 19% 32%‡ 21% 31% 21% 32%*
Work Outside the Hospital 11% 13% 10% 13% 11% 10%
Immediate Satisfaction 82% 44%‡ 75% 47%‡ 56% 53%
Performing Procedures 90% 35%‡ 79% 38%‡ 53% 46%*
Much Action 58% 30%‡ 51% 33%‡ 43% 33%‡
Operating Room Time 79% 22%‡ 69% 29%‡ 31% 37%
Work Only in Hospital 23% 18% 10% 13% 24% 18%*
Academic Opportunities 65% 48%* 59% 49% 66% 46%*
Prestigious Specialty§ 24% 9%* 25% 9%* 21% 10%‡
Prestigious Specialty** 17% 9%* 21% 7%* 15% 10%‡
High Salary 70% 44%‡ 69% 45%‡ 49% 51%
Experience during Clerkship 47% 43% 51% 42% 44% 44%
Family Orientation 20% 43%‡ 32% 39% 29% 41%
On-Calls as an Attending 42% 32%* 41% 33% 41% 32%*
Medical Administration 27% 21% 31% 20%* 29% 20%
Private Practice 68% 50%‡ 80% 47%‡ 54% 54%
Without Long-term Care 21% 11%‡ 21% 11% 9% 15%
  1. Values are the percentage of important/very important on the 5-point Likert scale
  2. Bold values are significantly greater than the other member of the pair (unpaired t-test)
  3. *p < 0.001 vs Other group
  4. **in the view of the population
  5. p < 0.05 vs Other group
  6. §in the view of colleagues