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Table 4 Characteristics of students interested in surgical specialties

From: Using medical specialty and selection criteria clusters to study specialty selection by Israeli medical students

  Surgical
Subspecialties Others ENT Others Cardiology Others
(n = 72; 23%) (n = 245; 77%) (n = 71;22%) (n = 246; 78%) (n = 84; 27%) (n = 233; 73%)
Women/men 26%/74% 61%*/39% 38%/62% 58%*/42% 39%/61% 58%/42%
Single 50% 52% 51% 45% 55% 51%
Internal Medicine 15% 35%‡ 14% 35%* 52% 22%‡
Pediatrics 17% 42%‡ 27% 39% 32% 37%
Family Medicine 6% 26%‡ 13% 23%* 16% 24%
Sub Int. Medicine 19% 36%‡ 23% 35% 46% 27%‡
Cardiology 33% 26% 30% 27% 100% 0%‡
Psychiatry 3% 16%* 9% 14% 8% 17%
Anesthesiology 11% 6%* 9% 7% 12% 6%‡
Sub Surgery 100% 0%‡ 45% 17%‡ 29% 22%*
General Surgery 44% 5%‡ 24% 14%* 17% 16%
Orthopedic Surg 42% 6%‡ 33% 10%‡ 12% 16%
Ophthalmology 24% 10%* 30% 7%‡ 13% 14%
Radiology 13% 10% 16% 10% 8% 11%
ENT 44% 17%‡ 100% 0%‡ 25% 22%
Dermatology 8% 7% 10% 6%* 8% 6%
Plastic Surgery 29% 10%‡ 37% 8%‡ 12% 16%
Emergency Med 29% 20% 29% 18%* 34% 18%‡
Pathology 3% 1% 3% 0% 1% 1%
OB/GYN 40% 31% 37% 32% 32% 34%
Research 13% 10% 16% 10% 17% 9%*
*p < 0.001 vs Others p < 0.05 vs Others   
Multiple Regression Multiple Regression Multiple Regression
Specialties: r = 0.80 Specialties: r = 0.61 Specialties: r = 0.65
+General Surgery: p < 0.0001 +Plastic Surgery: p < 0.0001 +Sub Internal Med: p < 0.001
+Orthopedic Surgery: p < 0.0001 +Orthopedic Surgery: p < 0.0001 +ENT: p < 0.04
+Opthalmology: p < 0.041 +Ophthalmology: p < 0.001 +Sub Surgery: p < 0.001
+Cardiology: p < 0.001 +Emergency Medicine: p < 0.0001 +Ophthalmology: p < 0.011
-Pediatrics: p < 0.015 +Cardiology: p < 0.048 +Emergency Medicine: p < 0.009
-Cardiology: p < 0.001 +General Surgery: p < 0.041 +internal Medicine: p < 0.0001
  -Psychiatry: p < 0.039 -Dermatology: p < 0.024
-Internal Medicine: p < 0.018 -Plastic Surgery: p < 0.047
  1. Values are the percentage of important/very important on the 5-point Likert scale
  2. Bold values are significantly greater than the other member of the pair (unpaired t-test)