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Table 2 Characteristics of students interested in various medical specialties

From: Using medical specialty and selection criteria clusters to study specialty selection by Israeli medical students

    Internal Family Emergency
  Pediatrics Others Medicine Others Medicine Others Medicine Others
  (n = 110; 36%) (n = 207; 64%) (n = 94; 30%) (n = 223; 70%) (n = 68; 21%) (n = 249;79%) (n = 67;21%) (n = 250;79%)
Women/Men 66%/34%* 46/54% 53%/47% 53/47%% 66%/34%‡ 39%/61%* 46%/54% 55%/45%
Single 47% 49% 64%‡ 47% 43% 54% 61% 50%
Internal Medicine 32% 32% 100%* 0% 33% 30% 38% 28%
Pediatrics 100%* 0% 33% 37% 56%* 31% 27% 39%
Family Medicine 33%* 14% 23% 21% 100%* 0% 15% 23%
Sub Int. Medicine 34% 32% 68%* 17% 40%‡ 30% 33% 32%
Cardiology 25% 29% 48%* 19% 20%‡ 30% 42%* 23%
Psychiatry 18%‡ 10% 15% 12% 20%‡ 11% 11% 14%
Anesthesiology 5% 9% 9% 7% 3% 8% 18%* 4%
General Surgery 7%* 22% 12%* 18% 5%* 20% 31%* 12%
Sub Surgery 11%* 30% 12%* 29% 6%‡ 29% 32%‡ 22%
Plastic Surgery 10%* 17% 8%* 18% 9%* 17% 25%‡ 12%
Orthopedic Surg 6%* 20% 3%‡ 20% 2%* 19% 19% 14%
Ophthalmology 12% 14% 7%* 17% 11% 14% 20% 12%
ENT 17% 26% 11%* 28% 16%‡ 25% 30%* 21%
Dermatology 7% 7% 8% 7% 3% 8% 8% 7%
OB/GYN 31% 34% 23% 38% 38% 32% 30% 34%
Radiology 11% 10% 6% 13% 13% 10% 11% 11%
Emergency Med 16% 25% 28% 19% 15% 24% 100%* 0%
Research 14% 10% 14%* 10% 13% 11% 13% 11%
  *p < 0.001 vs Others   p < 0.05 vs Others
Multiple Specialties: r = 0.45 Specialties: r = 0.75   Specialties: r = 0.48 Specialties: r = 0.52
Regression +Family Medicine: p < 0.002 +Cardiology: p < 0.0001 +Dermatology: p < 0.031 +General Surgery: p < 0.001
-General Surgery: p < 0.004 +Sub Int Med: p < 0.0001 +Sub IntMed: p < 0.007 +Anesthesiology: p < 0.0001
-Pathology: p < 0.011 -Sub Surgery: p < 0.025 +Psychiatry: p < 0.002 +Cardiology: p < 0.001
  -Ophthalmology: p < 0.01 +Gynecology: p < 0.009 +ENT: p < 0.0001
  +Pediatrics: p < 0.001 +Sub Surgery: p < 0.011
+ Positive Correlation - Negative Correlation
  1. Sub Int. Medicine – Subspecialties of Internal Medicine (e.g. endocrinology, gastroenterology, pulmonology, etc.)
  2. Sub Surgery – Surgical Subspecialties (e.g. urology, cardiothoracic surgery, vascular surgery, etc.)
  3. ENT - otolaryngology
  4. Specialties are arranged according to the results of the factor analysis (Fig. 1)
  5. Values are the percentage of strong/very strong inclinations on the 5-point Likert scale
  6. Bold values are significantly greater than the other member of the pair (unpaired t-test)