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Table 5 Global goodness-of-fit measures in the two models tested (goodness-of-fit index with recommendations following Kriston et al. [74])

From: Perceived stress in first year medical students - associations with personal resources and emotional distress

Goodness-of-fit index with recommendations (the most strict recommendation is presented first) 1stmodel, original stress model 2nd model with direct path from personal resources to emotional distress
Discrepancy Test (χ 2 / df) 112.304/25, p < .001 98.261/24, p < .001
Standardized Root Mean Residual (SRMR)
<0.05, <0.08a
. 0595 .0562
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA)
<.05, <.06, <.08
.104 .098 (CI .079–.119)
Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI)
≥.95, ≥.90, ≥.80
.878 .892
Comparative Fit Index (CFI)
≥.95, ≥.90, ≥.80
.915 .928
Normed χ 2
<1.0, <1.5, <2.0, <3.0, <5.0
4.49 4.09
Akaike Information Criterion
(model comparisons: smaller value is preferred)
170.304 158.261
  1. aThe multiple values indicate diverse recommendations with the strictest recommendation as the first value