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Table 4 ER strategies used by medical students following Gross taxonomy

From: (How) do medical students regulate their emotions?

Emotion Situation modification Attention Deployment Cognitive change Response Modulation
Shock, bewilderment, surprise
Shame, embarrassment
Sadness, pity
Anger
Anxiety, stress, tension
Inaction (doing/saying nothing)
Trying to comfort the patient
Challenging/trying to change the situation
Focusing on a task Denial
Reappraisal: Putting emphasis in clinical competencies of doctor
Reappraisal: Justifying doctor’s behavior
Suppression of emotions
Discussing with peers