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Table 5 Motivational factors associated with controllable and non-controllable lifestyle groups of specialties by gender

From: Gender difference in preference of specialty as a career choice among Japanese medical students

  Odds ratio (95 % CI) Gender Interaction
Women Men p-value
Specialty preference N = 141 N = 227
Non-controllable lifestyle group (Yes/No)
 Technical & research specialty 0.16 (0.02–1.53) ------ 0.156
 Personal reasons 0.15 (0.02–1.35) ------ 0.783
Controllable lifestyle group (Yes/No)
 Educational experience 0.45 (0.23–0.88) 0.67 (0.42–1.06) 0.683
 Job security 0.36 (0.13–1.01) ------ 0.104
 Advice from others 2.24 (1.11–4.54) ------ 0.105
 Work-life balance 4.27 (1.94–9.40) 1.84 (1.24–2.73) 0.056
 Technical & research specialty 0.56 (0.29–1.09) ------ 0.099
  1. Non-controllable lifestyle group of specialties consisted of general medicine/family practice, special Internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics & gynecology, anesthesiology, emergency medicine, and orthopedics, and controllable lifestyle were defined as psychiatry, dermatology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, urology, and radiology. Yes, first and second choice. Data were adjusted for all confounding factors in Tables 1 and 3 by Binary Logistic regression analysis, and presented regarding motivational factors as the final model. Bold numbers indicate significance (p < 0.05)
  2. CI confidence interval