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Table 3 Rating of female and male motivational factors for specialty preference

From: Gender difference in preference of specialty as a career choice among Japanese medical students

  Total Women Men  
  N = 368 N = 141 N = 227 P-value
Factor 1: Educational experience 3.0 ± 0.6 3.1 ± 0.7 3.0 ± 0.6 0.009
15) Received excellent teachings 3.1 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.7 3.1 ± 0.7 0.111
14) Memorable experience in a class or clinical rotation 3.0 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.7 0.005
16) Comfortable atmosphere at the specialty department 3.1 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 0.7 0.268
17) Encounter with role model teachers 2.9 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 0.9 2.8 ± 0.9 0.024
Factor 2: Job security 2.1 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.5 2.1 ± 0.6 0.392
19) Advice/Expectation of parents 2.2 ± 0.9 2.3 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 0.9 0.178
26) Expected income 2.3 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 2.4 ± 0.9 0.002
24) Ease of opening practice 2.0 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.8 0.077
25) Expectation to inherit practice of my parents/relatives 1.6 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.7 1.7 ± 0.9 0.121
23) Job availability 2.5 ± 0.8 2.6 ± 0.8 2.5 ± 0.9 0.250
Factor 3: Advice from others 2.1 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 0.175
20) Advice from senior students/residents 2.1 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 0.9 2.0 ± 0.8 0.154
21) Advice from teachers/consultants 2.2 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 0.9 0.037
22) Influence of friends 2.0 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.8 0.578
Factor 4: Work-life balance 2.4 ± 0.7 2.5 ± 0.7 2.4 ± 0.7 0.087
27) Working hours 2.4 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 0.9 2.3 ± 0.9 0.080
28) Attainable lifestyle 2.7 ± 0.9 2.8 ± 0.9 2.7 ± 0.9 0.106
30) Risk of my malpractice law suits 2.2 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.8 0.587
Factor 5: Technical & research specialty 3.0 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.6 0.766
5) Interest in the surgical procedures or technologies 3.1 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.9 3.1 ± 0.8 0.338
6) Mastering the specialty 3.0 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.7 0.298
4) Interest in the research or scientific aspects 3.0 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 0.884
2) Interest in the organ specialty 3.0 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 0.377
Factor 6: Personal reasons 2.5 ± 0.6 2.6 ± 0.6 2.5 ± 0.7 0.290
11) I suffering(ed) from an illness of the specialty 2.2 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.1 0.520
12) Friend/family suffers(ed) from an illness of the specialty 2.2 ± 1.0 2.5 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.1 0.401
13) Became interested in the specialty before medical school 2.5 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 0.9 0.124
3) Interest in the targeted populations such as children or the elderly 2.9 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.8 0.010
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. P-value from Mann-Whitney U test. Bold numbers indicate significance (p < 0.05)