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Table 2 Female and male students’ career preferences

From: Gender difference in preference of specialty as a career choice among Japanese medical students

   Total Women Men P-value
Specialty preference Choice N = 368 N = 141 N = 227
General medicine/Family medicine First 69 (18.8) 27 (19.1) 42 (18.5) 0.695
Second 156 (42.4) 63 (44.7) 93 (41.0)
Special Internal medicine First 26 (7.1) 6 (4.3) 20 (8.8) 0.172
Second 82 (22.3) 29 (20.6) 53 (23.3)
Surgery First 35 (9.5) 6 (4.3) 29 (12.8) <0.001
Second 113 (30.7) 33 (23.4) 80 (35.2)
Pediatrics First 28 (7.6) 12 (8.5) 16 (7.0) 0.038
Second 102 (27.7) 49 (34.8) 53 (23.3)
Obstetrics & Gynecology First 11 (3.0) 10 (7.1) 1 (0.4) <0.001
Second 44 (12.0) 28 (19.9) 16 (7.0)
Emergency medicine First 17 (4.6) 4 (2.8) 13 (5.7) 0.436
Second 96 (26.1) 37 (26.2) 59 (26.0)
Psychology First 8 (2.2) 4 (2.8) 4 (1.8) 0.038
Second 48 (13.0) 26 (18.4) 22 (9.7)
Anesthesiology First 6 (1.6) 4 (2.8) 2 (0.9) 0.351
Second 46 (12.5) 17 (12.1) 29 (12.8)
Orthopedics First 14 (3.8) 0 14 (6.2) <0.001
Second 69 (18.8) 10 (7.1) 59 (26.0)
Dermatology First 3 (0.8) 2 (1.4) 1 (0.4) 0.112
Second 32 (8.7) 17 (12.1) 15 (6.6)
Ophthalmology First 6 (1.6) 3 (2.1) 3 (1.3) 0.531
Second 30 (8.2) 9 (6.4) 21 (9.3)
Otolaryngology First 4 (1.1) 0 (0) 4 (1.8) 0.196
Second 26 (7.1) 8 (5.7) 18 (7.9)
Urology First 12 (3.3) 3 (2.1) 9 (4.0) 0.385
Second 0 0 0
Radiology First 5 (1.4) 4 (2.8) 1 (0.4) 0.053
Second 23 (6.3) 12 (8.5) 11 (4.8)
Others First 1 (0.3) 1 (0.7) 0 0.350
Second 8 (2.2) 4 (2.8) 4 (1.8)
  1. Data are presented as numbers (%). P-value from χ2-test. Bold numbers indicate significance (p < 0.05)