Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of female and male medical students

From: Gender difference in preference of specialty as a career choice among Japanese medical students

  Total Women Men P-value
Characteristics N = 368 N = 141 N = 227
Age, years 21 ± 4 21 ± 3 22 ± 4 0.258
Academic year
 1st-2nd 179 (48.6) 68 (48.2) 111 (48.9) 0.915
 3rd-5th 189 (51.4) 73 (51.8) 116 (51.1)
Admission from hometown
 Yes 168 (45.7) 64 (45.4) 104 (45.8) 1.000
 No 200 (54.3) 77 (54.6) 123 (54.2)
Public high school graduation
 Yes 195 (53.0) 76 (53.9) 119 (52.4) 0.830
 No 173 (47.0) 65 (46.1) 108 (47.6)
Combined junior high and high school graduation
 Yes 164 (44.6) 64 (45.4) 100 (44.1) 0.830
 No 204 (55.4) 77 (54.6) 127 (55.9)
Admission by a special policy
 Yes 23 (6.3) 6 (4.3) 17 (7.5) 0.270
 No 345 (93.8) 135 (95.7) 210 (92.5)
Student preparing for the entrance exam next year
 Yes 175 (47.6) 55 (39.0) 120 (52.9) 0.010
 No 193 (52.4) 86 (61.0) 107 (47.1)
Presence of medical relatives
 Yes 162 (44.0) 63 (44.7) 99 (43.6) 0.914
 No 206 (56.0) 78 (55.3) 128 (56.4)
Growing up in a rural area
 Yes 47 (12.8) 19 (13.5) 28 (12.3) 0.750
 No 321 (87.2) 122 (86.5) 199 (87.7)
Presence of a role model
 Yes 152 (41.3) 67 (47.5) 85 (37.4) 0.064
 No 216 (58.7) 74 (52.5) 142 (62.6)
  1. Data are presented as number (%) or mean ± standard deviation. P-value from Mann-Whitney U-test for continuing variables and χ2-test for categorical variables. Bold numbers indicate significance (p < 0.05)