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Table 2 Insert Kinematic variables extracted during ankle plantar flexion with the sensor placed in the leg. Results calculated thought an ANOVA with repeated measures

From: Kinematic real-time feedback is more effective than traditional teaching method in learning ankle joint mobilisation: a randomised controlled trial

  G1 (SD) G2 (SD)
PRE POST DIFFER F PRE POST DIFFER F
TMT(s) 1.496 (±0.167) 1.262 (±0.144) -0.234 (±0.026) 14.698** 1.423 (±0.151) 0.984 (±0.115) -0.439 (±0.051)) 168.431***
TRMD(s) 0.690 (±0.073) 0.604 (±0.068) -0.086 (±0.009) 16.288** 0.704 (±0.073) 0.437 (±0.049) -0.267 (±0.029) 206.479***
MD(°) Yaw 8.440 (±0.903) 9.866 (±1.006) 1.426 (±0.153) 6.374* 8.594 (±0.830) 10.356 (±0.977) 1.762 (±0.173) 96.387***
Pitch 11.379 (±1.204) 13.025 (±1.401) 1.646 (±0.177) 6.244* 10.969 (±0.996) 14.724 (±1.560) 3.755 (±0.360) 40.365***
Roll 13.334 (±1.409) 15.544 (±1.611) 2.210 (±0.237) 6.972* 13.128 (±1.429) 17.846 (±1.169) 4.718 (±0.509) 65.799***
Resultant 19.455 (±2.113) 22.552 (±2.305) 3.097 (±0.319) 7.983** 19.144 (±2.201) 25.248 (±2.721) 6.104 (±0.622) 74.301***
VRMD (°/s) Maximal 32.048 (±3.331) 40.325 (±4.197) 8.277 (±0.860) 5.379* 30.248 (±3.288) 58.104 (±6.103) 27.856 (±2.987) 69.876***
Mean 28.196 (±3.001) 37.338 (±3.804) 9.142 (±0.925) 11.348** 27.193 (±2.877) 57.776 (±6.013) 30.583 (±3.122) 74.255***
VTM (°/s) Mean 26.009 (±2.734) 35.740 (±3.422) 9.731 (±0.986) 12.344** 26.907 (±2.589) 51.317 (±6.579) 24.410 (±2.207) 35.670***
  1. MD Maximum displacement, TMT total mobilization time, TRMD time to reach maximum peak, VRMD velocity to reach maximum displacement, VTM Velocity during total mobilization
  2. Signification level:* ≤ 0.05, ** ≤ 0.01, *** ≤ 0.001