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Table 1 Kinematic variables extracted during ankle plantar flexion with the sensor placed in the heel. Results calculated thought an ANOVA with repeated measures

From: Kinematic real-time feedback is more effective than traditional teaching method in learning ankle joint mobilisation: a randomised controlled trial

  G1 (SD) G2 (SD)
PRE POST DIFFER F PRE POST DIFFER F
TMT(s) 1.496 (±0.134) 1.262 (±0.155) -0.234 (±0.033) 17.384*** 1.423 (±0.115) 0.984 (±0.106) -0.439 (±0.040) 79.642***
TRMD(s) 0.690 (±0.059) 0.604 (±0.053) -0.086 (±0.007) 7.248** 0.704 (±0.063) 0.437 (±0.059) -0.267 (±0.032) 184.642***
MD(°) Yaw 8.440 (±0.903) 6.723 (±0.787) 0.451 (±0.038) 3.846** 6.403 (±0.591) 7.643 (±0.803) 1.240 (±0.140) 59.846***
Pitch 11.379 (±1.204) 14.576 (±1.722) 2.125 (±0.199) 4.268* 12.170 (±1.364) 16.156 (±1.920) 3.986 (±0.420) 84.335***
Roll 13.334 (±1.409) 12.964 (±1.440) 1.001 (±0.093) 3.887** 11.871 (±1.596) 13.614 (±1.637) 1.743 (±0.190) 79.164***
Resultant 18.704 (±2.073) 20.633 (±2.359) 1.929 (±0.138) 3.965* 19.060 (±2.035) 22.467 (±2.501) 3.407 (±0.288) 84.125***
VRMD (°/s) Maximal 35.544 (±3.420) 37.929 (±4.196) 2.385 (±0.204) 8.145** 34.917 (±3.388) 52.698 (±5.571) 17.781 (±1.958) 67.421***
Mean 27.107 (±2.964) 34.160 (±3.699) 7.053 (±0.624) 6.254* 27.074 (±2.937) 51.411 (±5.270) 24.337 (±2.771) 74.110***
VTM (°/s) Mean 25.005 (±2.735) 32.638 (±3.607) 7.633 (±0.723) 7.684 26.788 (±2.993) 45.664 (±4.530) 18.876 (±2.034) 33.576***
  1. MD Maximum displacement, TMT total mobilization time, TRMD time to reach maximum peak, VRMD velocity to reach maximum displacement, VTM Velocity during total mobilization
  2. Signification level:* ≤ 0.05, ** ≤ 0.01, *** ≤ 0.001