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Table 1 Characteristics of medical students who completed at both time points one and two* (TP1 & 2) and time point one only (TP1)

From: A longitudinal study of empathy in pre-clinical and clinical medical students and clinical supervisors

  Year 1 (n = 140) Year 2 (n = 52) Year 3 (n = 43) Year 4 (n = 46)
  Completed TP1 & 2 (n = 15) Completed** TP1 (n = 125) Completed TP1 & 2 (n = 16) Completed TP1 (n = 36) Completed TP1 & 2 (n = 10) Completed TP1 (n = 33) Completed TP1 & 2 (n = 12) Completed TP1 (n = 34)
Age at TP1 (years) 26.7 ± 6.6 24.1 ± 4.2 30.1 ± 7.1 25.8 ± 4.7 32.1 ± 7.5 27.5 ± 5.7 27.5 ± 5.2 28.1 ± 5.6
Gender (female, %) 9 (60.0 %) 68 (55.3 %) 11 (68.8 %) 17 (47.2 %) 7 (70.0 %) 21 (63.6 %) 8 (66.7 %) 22 (64.7 %)
Year 3 Site
FMC Traditional blocks - - - - 3 (30.0 %) 5 (15.2 %) 2 (16.7 %) 11 (32.4 %)
Alternative year 3 programs - - - - 7 (70 %) 28 (84.8 %) 10 (83.3 %) 23 (67.6 %)
Number (%) of students with previous clinical experience 4 (26.7 %) 24 (19.2 %) 6 (37.5 %) 12 (33.3 %) 4 (40.0 %) 6 (18.2 %) 5 (41.7 %) 9 (25.7 %)
Empathy
Time 1 JSE 112.3 ± 9.6b 110.8 ± 10.8 115.6 ± 7.9 115.2 ± 9.3 116.3 ± 12.1 115.6 ± 10.3 114.4 ± 8.4 113.9 ± 10.5
Time 2 JSE 102.8 ± 17.7a,b - 115.7 ± 11.0a - 111.1 ± 6.5 - 112.2 ± 9.2 -
  1. *A small number of students who completed the survey at time point 2 only are not included in this table
  2. **Note: Each column headed ‘completed TP1’ excludes any participants who participated at both TP1 and TP2 (which are specified in the alternate column/s)
  3. a-bp < .05