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Table 2 Additional learning time and strategies, used outside the course time

From: Differences in procedural knowledge after a “spaced” and a “massed” version of an intensive course in emergency medicine, investigating a very short spacing interval

Learning times and strategies Spaced version (n = 54) Massed version (n = 102) Statistical significance
  n % n % p-value a
Pre-course learning time
 “up to 3 h” 33 61.1 63 61.8 no test performed
 “more than 3 h” 21 38.9 39 38.2
Learning time during course
 “up to 2 h” 38 70.4 79 77.5
 “more than 2 h” 16 29.6 23 22.5
Learning media
eLearning 18 33.3 31 30.4 0.707
Textbooks 31 57.4 60 58.8 0.864
Practical training (skills lab) 9 16.7 12 11.8 0.393
Verbal exchange with co-students 51 94.4 81 79.4 0.013
Verbal exchange with other persons 25 46.3 37 36.3 0.224
Overnight dreaming 26 48.2 29 28.4 0.014
  1. aChi-square test