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Table 1 Survey items in five domains

From: Medical students developing confidence and patient centredness in diverse clinical settings: a longitudinal survey study

Domain Items 5-point Likert Scales
Patient Centred Care 1. Patients should be treated as if they were partners with the doctor, equal in power and status
2. When doctors ask a lot of questions about a patient’s background, they are prying too much into personal matters
3. How good doctors are at diagnosis and treatment is equally as important as how they relate to patients
4. When discussing a patient’s case history with another doctor, it is appropriate to refer to the patient as their diagnosis
5. A treatment plan cannot succeed if it is in conflict with a patient’s lifestyle or values
6. Being involved in seeing the same patients over long periods of time, improves patient care
7. The doctor has an important role in advocating for patient needs
8. The doctor is the one who should decide what is discussed during a visit
9. Doctors should play a greater role in disease management than in illness prevention
1 = Strongly Disagree to 5 = Strongly Agree
Confidence 1. Dealing with ethical dilemmas
2. Seeing patients independently
3. Relating to a diverse patient population
4. Being a self-reflective practitioner
5. Explaining medical information to patients
6. Contributing to patient care
7. Describing the natural history of illness over time
1 = Very Unconfident to 5 = Very Confident
Role Modelling 1. I often observed my supervisors communicate concern and interest in patients as unique persons
2. How I have been taught to treat patients is different to what I witnessed in my clinical experiences
3. My supervisors were more concerned with developing good rapport with patients, than meeting strict time deadlines for patient consultations
4. I often observed my supervisors encourage patients’ participation in their own care
5. I was often provided with feedback on how well I communicated with or listened to the patient and their emotional needs
6. My supervisors encouraged me when I made an effort to get to know patients as unique people
1 = Strongly Disagree to 5 = Strongly Agree
Clinical Learning Experience 1. My clinical supervisors were skilled teachers
2. I had a clear idea what was expected of me in the clinical environment
3. I received clear feedback from my clinical supervisors
4. My clinical supervisors were skilled clinicians
5. There was regular protected time for teaching in the clinical settings
6. There was no attempt to plan for my individual learning needs in the clinical environment
7. I had ample opportunity to see patients independently
8. I had the opportunity to follow up patients over time
9. I would prefer to have more community-based clinical experience
1 = Strongly Disagree to 5 = Strongly Agree