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Table 9 Bivariate Chi-square analysis of the learning styles

From: Self-directed learning can outperform direct instruction in the course of a modern German medical curriculum - results of a mixed methods trial

  Learning style (Canfield Learning Styles Inventory)
Subtype SA A IA S N I SC C IC Total
EL 2 2 3 9 16 5 6 9 6 58
3.45 3.45 5.17 15.52 27.59 8.62 10.34 15.52 10.34 100
28.57 22.22 27.27 21.95 35.56 26.32 15.38 31.03 42.86 27.1
SE 1 1 2 7 10 3 12 10 3 49
2.04 2.04 4.08 14.29 20.41 6.12 24.49 20.41 6.12 100
14.29 11.11 18.18 17.07 22.22 15.79 30.77 34.48 21.43 22.9
SL 1 1 4 10 10 6 12 6 3 53
1.89 1.89 7.55 18.87 18.87 11.32 22.64 11.32 5.66 100
14.29 11.11 36.36 24.39 22.22 31.58 30.77 20.69 21.43 24.77
VL 3 5 2 15 9 5 9 4 2 54
5.56 9.26 3.7 27.78 16.67 9.26 16.67 7.41 3.7 100
42.86 55.56 18.18 36.59 20 26.32 23.08 13.79 14.29 25.23
Total 7 9 11 41 45 19 39 29 14 214
3.27 4.21 5.14 19.16 21.03 8.88 18.22 13.55 6.54 100
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  1. Chi-squared = 21.4284; Cramer V = 0.1827; p = .613