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Table 7 Personal self-assessment (“How would you describe your level of knowledge about drug therapy for diabetes mellitus at the present time?” Scored 1 (very high level of knowledge) to 5 (I have no knowledge)

From: Self-directed learning can outperform direct instruction in the course of a modern German medical curriculum - results of a mixed methods trial

  Pre-test Post-test
  Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation
E-learning (EL) 3.91 0.58 2.36 0.58
Seminar (SE) 3.76 0.50 2.47 0.60
Self-instructed learning (SL) 3.92 0.68 2.77 0.67
Lecture (VL) 3.80 0.73 2.69 0.58