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Table 6 Paired Student’s t-test (p < .001)

From: Self-directed learning can outperform direct instruction in the course of a modern German medical curriculum - results of a mixed methods trial

Values Mean scores Standard deviation
Pre-test 9.226 3.150
Post-test 15.577 0.187
  1. p < .001; t = −31.204; 95 % confidence interval