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Table 3 Achieved test scores (each correct question scored 1 point)

From: Self-directed learning can outperform direct instruction in the course of a modern German medical curriculum - results of a mixed methods trial

Pre-test Post-test
  Mean Standard deviation Standard error of the mean Mean Standard deviation Standard error of the mean
E-learning (EL) 9.08 2.69 0.344 17.23 2.21 2.206
Seminar (SE) 9.24 3.21 0.433 14.71 2.42 1.983
Self-instructed learning (SL) 8.81 3.23 0.448 15.81 2.81 2.192
Lecture (VL) 9.78 3.48 0.474 14.37 2.76 1.956