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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the analysis

From: Effectiveness of simulation-based nursing education depending on fidelity: a meta-analysis

Author (Year) Country Random assignment Sample size experimental/control Level of fidelity Expertise-level of students
Tosterud (2013) Norway Y 29/28 HFS 1-3year
Alfes (2011) USA Y 29/34 HFS 1 year
Andrighetti (2011) USA Y 9/5 HFS graduate
Johnson (2012) USA Y 19/16 HFS graduate
LeFlore (2007) USA N 5/5 HFS NP students
Maneval (2012) USA Y 13/13 HFS graduate
Parker (2011) USA Y 18/23 HFS 2 year
Shepherd (2010) UK Y 9/15 HFS 3 year
Smith (2012) USA Y 16/17 HFS 3 year
Smith (2013) USA N 36/20 HFS 4 year
Thomas (2012) USA N 14/10 HFS 3-4year
White (2013) USA Y 16/38 HFS 4 year
Brannan (2008) USA N 54/53 HFS  
Kwon (2012) Korea Y 19/19 HFS nurse
Kim, D. H. (2012) Korea N 69/62 HFS 4 year
Kim, S. A. (2012) Korea N 103/68 HFS 3 year
Kim (2011) Korea N 26/24 HFS nurse
Yang (2008) Korea N 92/75 HFS 2 year
Yang (2012) Korea N 94/91 HFS 3 year
Lee (2010) Korea Y 35/34 HFS 1 year
Choi, E. H. (2013) Korea Y 32/33 HFS 2 year
Ha (2012) Korea Y 60/58 HFS 3 year
Heo (2012) Korea Y 26/31 HFS 3 year
Lee (2013) Korea Y 96/84 SP/LFS 2 year
Lee (2009) Korea N 141/142 SP/HFS 1 year
Chang (2002) China Y 14/14 LFS nurses
Shepherd (2007) Australia Y 23/25 LFS nurses
Weiner (2011) USA Y 23/23 LFS nurses
Alinier (2006) UK Y 49/50 MFS 2 year
Chang (2010) Korea Y 20/20 MFS nurse
Becker (2006) USA Y 47/82 SP 4 year
Foley (1997) USA N 28/38 SP nurses
Khadivzadeh (2012) Iran Y 28/28 SP midwifery students
Kim, S. H. (2012) Korea N 29/25 SP 3 year
Roh (2013) Korea N 35/39 SP nurse
Park (2012) Korea Y 23/21 SP 4 year
Eom (2010) Korea N 31/31 SP 2&4 year
Lee (2011) Korea N 20/18 SP 2 year
Cho (2012) Korea Y 19/19 SP nurse
Choi, S. J. (2013) Korea N 22/22 SP 3 year