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Table 1 Global prevalence of medical resident bullying

From: Altering workplace attitudes for resident education (A.W.A.R.E.): discovering solutions for medical resident bullying through literature review

First Author, Year Design Country of conduct Subjects Terminology Prevalencea Key perpetratorsa
Shinsako [6] Cross-sectional United States Medical Residents Generalized workplace abuse 70 % Percentage unspecified; perpetrators within training program
Nabi 2013 [11] Cross-sectional South Australia Junior Medical Officers on Surgical Night Shifts Bullying 54 % Percentage unspecified; senior surgeons and ED staff
Scott 2008 [12] Cross-sectional New Zealand House Officers, Registrars Bullying 50 % Consultants and nurses in equal frequency
Farley 2015 [9] Cross-sectional United Kingdom First and second year trainee doctors Cyberbullying 46 % 26 % by consultants, 35 % by other trainees
Quine 2002 [4] Cross-sectional United Kingdom House officers to Senior Registrars Bullying 84 % Percentage unspecified; peers, senior staff, managers
Crutcher 2011 [10] Retro-spective Canada Family medicine Graduates Intimidation, harassment and/or discrimination 45 % 71 % by specialist physicians
Cohen 2005 [13] Cross-sectional Canada Resident physicians Intimidation or harassment 51 % 42 % staff physicians
Cheema 2005 [15] Cross-sectional Ireland Junior Doctors Bullying 30 % 61 % by senior physicians (EU & non-EU averaged)
Ogunsemi 2010 [18] Cross-sectional Nigeria Residents in training Intimidation and harassment 78 % 30 % from other residents, 7 % from consultant staff
Nagata 2009 [16] Cross-sectional Japan Residents Mistreatment 85 % 35 % physicians
Bairy 2007 [19] Cross-sectional India House officers and postgraduate students Bullying 89 % 15 % from medical personnel
Al-Shafaee 2013 [17] Cross-sectional Oman First year medical residents Verbal/ academic abuse 88 % 98 % of verbal abuse from consultants/ specialists
Fnais 2013 [20] Cross-sectional Saudi Arabia Medical Residents Harassment/ discrimination 84 % Percentage unspecified; majority consultants
Imran 2010 [21] Cross-sectional Pakistan Junior Doctors Bullying 64 % 52 % consultants
Ahmer 2009 [22] Cross-sectional Pakistan Postgraduate psychiatric trainees Bullying 80 % Percentage unspecified; consultants most likely perpetrators
  1. a All percentages are rounded off to nearest integer