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Table 1 Descriptives of study variables. N = 2402 individual students, 4910 measurement occasions

From: Goal orientations of health profession students throughout the undergraduate program: a multilevel study

  M SD Minimum Maximum
Mastery orientation (1–7) 5.28 0.87 1.33 7.00
Performance orientation (1–7) 4.24 1.39 1.00 7.00
Self-efficacy (1–7) 4.87 0.86 1.33 7.00
Study GPA (1–10) 7.05 0.54 6.00 9.50
High-school GPA (1–10) 7.35 0.69 5.78 9.60