Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies (n = 12)

From: Effectiveness of training in evidence-based medicine skills for healthcare professionals: a systematic review

Authors Design Setting/Location n (study completed) Age (years) Study/Observation Duration Profession Job Experience
Bennet et al. Before-after trial University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 94 (59) Not reported 1 university semester course duration 13 weeks Undergraduate final year occupational therapy students (n = 32) Postgraduate physiotherapy students (n = 27) Students
Kim et al. Before-after trial Collaboration between hospitals and university, San Diego, California, USA 159 (111) 42 (range 22–64) 2008–2010 3 annual cohorts of nurses attending the 9-month collaborative regional fellowship program. Pre-test and post-test (after 9 months) Staff nurse (n = 58) Nurse manager (n = 9) Clinical nurse specialist/Nurse educator/Nurse practitioner (n = 63) 16 (range: 1–42) years
Lizarondo et al. Before-after trial Healthcare facilities, Tasmania, Australia 93 (93) Not reported 6 months Speech pathologists (n = 10), physiotherapists (n = 19), social workers (n = 16), occupational therapists (n = 36), dieticians/nutritionists (n = 12) Academic background: Undergraduate qualifications n = 53 Postgraduate qualifications n = 40 Length of clinical practice: <5 years n = 19 >5 but <10 years n = 17 >10 years n = 49 not reported n = 8
McCluskey et al. Before-after trial School of Exercise and Health Sciences, New South Wales, Australia 114 FU 1 (post intervention) 106 FU 2 (8 month post intervention) 51 Not reported November 2001–March 2003 Professional occupational therapists Qualification: Diploma n = 15/degree n = 99 Time since graduation: <5 years n = 29 >5 but < 10 years n = 19 >10 years n = 66
Meyer et al. Before-after trial Diabetes educator courses in Germany. Centres providing the diabetes educator graduate programme accredited by the German Diabetes Association 121 (93) Not reported 2003–2004 Diabetes nurse specialists (65 %) or diabetes counsellors without a university degree, 3 % of the participants were dieticians with a university degree Not reported
Varnell et al. Before-after trial Acute care setting Texas, USA 102 (98) 43.6 (range 22–62) 8 weeks Registered nurses 14.7 (range 1–41) years
Yost et al. Before-after trial School of Nursing McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada 40 (21) 44.3 ± 9.2 May 2010–November 2010 (6 month) Registered Nurse (n = 25) Advance practice nurse (n = 1) Physicians (n = 1) Librarian (n = 2) Other (n = 10) Not reported (n = 1) Main job function: Executive officer (n = 2) Associate medical officer of health (n = 1) Program manager/administrator (n = 14) Direct service/care provider (n = 5) Research (n = 2) Policy development/analysis (n= 1) Faculty (n = 8) Other (n = 6) Not reported n = 1 Baccalaureate (n = 20) Masters (n = 18) Other (n = 1) Not reported (n = 1)
Chen et al. Nonrandomised controlled trial 2-year nursing program at one college, Taiwan IG 94 (94) CG 74 (74) Not reported 1 semester Students graduated from junior nursing schools with clinical practicum experience IG: (n = 13) Working experience (1 month to 2 years as a nurse) (n = 81) No working experience CG: (n = 6) Working experience (1 month to 2 years as a nurse) (n = 68) No working experience
Courey et al. Nonrandomised controlled trial University, Ohio IG 19 (19) CG 39 (39) Not reported 1 semester First year students in a 2-year associate degree nursing program Not reported
Jalali-Nia et al. Randomised controlled trial Baccalaureate nursing program, Teheran, Iran IG 20 (20) CG 21 (21) Not reported 1 semester Students in the second year of the baccalaureate nursing program Not reported
Stevenson et al. Randomised controlled trial Musculoskeletal physiotherapists working within the Community Trust North Staffordshire, UK IG 17 (16) CG 13 (11) 18–29 IG = 1 CG = 0 30–49 IG = 8 CG = 10 ≥50 IG = 8 CG = 3 Six month Physiotherapists of all grades Average time since qualification: IG 25 years CG 23 years
Levin et al. Randomised controlled trial Home care setting/community health setting; New York (3 regions: Queens, Bronx, Manhattan), USA IG 22 CG 24 Not reported 13 months Nurse managers and visiting staff nurses Diploma IG (n = 0)/CG (n = 1) Associate degree IG (n = 4)/CG (n = 4) Bachelor’s degree IG (n = 10)/CG (n = 10) Master’s degree IG (n = 7)/CG (n = 5) Not reported IG (n = 1)/CG (n = 4)
Dizon et al. Randomised controlled trial Training centre at the University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines IG 27 FU 1 (post intervention) 27 FU 2 (3 month post intervention) 15 CG 27 FU 1 (post intervention) 25 FU 2 (3 month post intervention) 11 IG (median, IQR) 29 (26–36) CG (median, IQR) 28 (25–30) 3 month Physiotherapists Years in practice IG (median, IQR) 4.2 (2–7.75) CG (median, IQR) 3.0 (1.13-4)
  1. IG Intervention group, CG Control group, FU Follow Up, IQR Interquartile range